Knowledge Management in Practice

Under the aegis of knowledge management, there are three types of processes that are generally considered to be essential: finding or uncovering knowledge [Ehrlich, K., 2003, Learn, L., 2002, Zack,M., 1999], sharing knowledge [Ackerman et al., 2003], and the development of new knowledge [Argyris and Schon, 1978, 1996,Baumard, P., 1999,Harvard Business Review, 1998].



One aspect of finding and dissemination of information is the organization of knowledge objects so that they can be found easily. Assigning index terms, tagging or, in the case of an intranet and theWeb, metadata, allows ease of retrieval [Learn, L., 2002]. Digitally recorded presentations, brochures, reports of lessons learned, and best practices can all be made accessible through careful indexing and intelligent information architecture [Morville, P.,2005,Rosenfeld and Morville,2002]. Finding information and knowledge refers to processes that allow organizations to make sense and make use of data, information, and knowledge objects that may be present but are not codified, analyzed, nor accessible to members.


Sharing of information for knowledge development is the most traditional collection of processes, easily understood, but often overlooked in a systematic knowledge management program. Sharing refers to the willingness and ability of the knowledgeable to share what they know to help others expand their own learning and knowing. Don’t forget to broadcast your knowledge hopelly the other people knows about everything that you have something knowledge.


Knowledge development takes place when individuals work to create new understandings, innovations, and a synthesis of what is known already together with newly acquired information or knowledge.


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Knowledge “Acts”

For the occurrence of a knowledge that there are some things that need to be needed, that is ;

1. Question (Question & Answer)

2. Posting Content and repositories

3. Repeats (Using the Knowledge)

4. Knowledge-Based Decision Making


Question Asking and Answering

Question asking and answering is a foundational process by which what people know tacitly becomes expressed, and hence, externalized as knowledge. To support such a view, we borrow from speech acts theory [Searle, J., 1969] that amongst others categorizes question asking as a form of a speech act.

Posting Content  to Repositories

Contributing content such as lessons-learned, project experiences, and success stories is another approach to knowledge sharing. Selvin and Buckingham [2002] describe a tool, Compendium, that claims to support rapid knowledge construction.They ground their claim on an empirical case study of its use in a corporate contingency planning situation by demonstrating the creation of knowledge content in a real time ‘on-the-fly’mode of content authoring, complemented by collaborative validation.

(RE) Using Knowledge

Assert that the decision to consume knowledge can be framed as a problem of risk evaluation, with perceived complexity and relative advantage being identified as factors relating to intentions to “consume” knowledge.However, it is essential that the knowledge consumer is able to reasonably frame his or her knowledge needs. Desouza et al. [2006].

For such a purpose,Hicks et al. [2002] propose a practical framework for the requirements of capturing, storing, and reusing information and knowledge in engineering design.They distinguish between the process that generates knowledge and the knowledge element generated by the process.
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Conceptualizing Knowledge Emergence

Tusman, M [1977], Tushman and Scanlan [1981 a,b] further examined development activities, both at the departemental level and ay the project level, he introduce and added the concept of “Boundary Spanning”  or boundary spanner to describe very much the same phenomenon that described as gatekeeping. He extended Allen’s work by distinguishing between two types of communication stars, “Internal communication stars” and “external communication stars”, and definding boundry spanners as those who ware both internal and external communication stars. In the context of KM, this tradition relates very directly to the development of Communities of Practice (Cop). Given the relative non-aligment of organizational structure and informationflow and sharing, CoP’s can be seen as the setting up of an alternative structure to facilitate information flow and sharing.

Research Productivity and Knowledge

The more productive companies were characterized by ;

1. A relatively egalitarian managerial structure with unobtrusive status indicators in the R&D enviroment

2. Less concern with protecting proprietary information

3. Greater openness to outside information, greater use of their libraries and information centers, specifically, greater attendance by employees at profesional meetings.

4. Greater information system development effort.

5. Greater technical and subject sophisticated of the information service staff.

Lack of recognition of these findings in the business community

particularly striking was the finding that not only did information related management behaviour tend strongly to discriminate between “high-performance” and “low-performance” companies, but also that none of the non information related management behaviours measured bad any discriminatory value.  the given inability to find any significance for other managerial factors, the failure to remark upon the importance of information and knowledge factors can truly be described as remarkable.
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Crisis Energy “Oil”. So What’s that The Problems ?

lately, we always listen about Iran, Crisis Energy “Oil”, ect. some poeple talk “why could happened ?. There’s many media talking about that, and i wanna comment too about that “Why could happened”  based on my vision goggles i’ve ever seen on the news, article, ect..

The Western or European countries have been thought, that Iran develop nuclear programs to make a weapons nuclear. but iran claim, they develop nuclear not for make a weapons but just make a engery alternatif, examples as power plant, and other needs that require the energy.

information based on an article that I read ;

[ The U.S. and its western allies allege that Iran is pursuing a nuclear weapons program while they have never presented corroborative evidence to substantiate their allegations against the Islamic Republic.

Iran plans to construct additional nuclear power plants to provide for the electricity needs of its growing population.

Iran currently suffers from an electricity shortage that has forced the country into adopting a rationing program by scheduling power outages – of up to two hours a day – across both urban and rural areas.

Iran insists that it should continue enriching uranium because it needs to provide fuel to a 300-megawatt light-water reactor it is building in the southwestern town of Darkhoveyn as well as its first nuclear power plant in the southern port city of Bushehr. ]

reference []

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Theorizing Knowledge in Organization

This chapter provides an overview of the development of research findings and theories related to knowledge management.

In the resource view, knowledge is conceptualized as an object that exists largely in formal documents or online artifacts amenable to organizing and manipulation. The process view, on the other hand, largely emphasized the emergent nature of knowledge that is often embedded within o person or within organizational routines, activities, and outcomes, or arises from the interplay of person and exiting information or knowledge. While both perspective may very significantly in terms of the scope for the “Management” of knowledge, it is still worth exploring the issues and debate surrounding practice of creating, gathering, and sharing knowledge within organization.

Knowledge as Resource and Process

It is held that the knowledge that the firm possesses is a source of sustainable competitive advantage, and is, accordingly regarded as a strategic resource of the firm in need of management attention. On the other hand, through the process view, organizations are thought of as information processing and knowledge generating system [Grant, R., 1996].
Baumard, P. [1999] proposes looking at knowledge in organization along two dimensions: tacit explicit versus individual-collective. He divines for quadrats in which knowledge types are situated: tacit-individual (intuitiveness), tacit-collective (social practice), explicit-individual (expertise), and explicit-collective (rules).

So, participation from the group’s member in organization is more hopely in the increasing organization objectiveness..

Chapter 3. Knowledge Management (KM) Process in Organization that was writen by Claire R. McInerney and Michael E.D. Koenig

Background Bibliographic Analysis of Knowledge Management

One measure of the influence of a decipline is to track the “Formal Communications” or published works is that discipline [Koenig, M., 2005, Ponzi, L., 2004]. Ponzi observed that “Knowledge management is one emerging discipline taht remains strong and does not appear to be fading” [Ponzi, L., 2004, p. 9]. Almost certainly underestimates the size of the KM literatur. in the early years of KM, it was probably a very safe a ssumtion that almost all KM articles would have the is no longer a safe assumption. The significance of the KM growth pattern becomes much more apparent when one compares it with the pattern of other major business enthusiasms of recent years. The difference is dramatic, Quality Cirles, Business Process Engineering, and Total Quality Management all show an almost identical pattern of approximatly five years of dramatic, exponential, growth, then they peak and fail off to near nothing almost as quickly.

The number of scholarly papers and dissertations devoted to KM demonstrates that there has been and continues to be a scholalry interest in knowledge management even if that research has taken a small downturn. An examinition of the types of research being conducted shows that over the years subject matter of KM studies has changed somewhat from emphasis on technological systems to focus on communication and interaction among people.

The terminology has changed as well. Although “Knowledge Management” may have been commonly used in the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, scholars have adopted terms as “Knowledge Sharing”, “Comminities of Practice”, and “Learning Organization” as knowledge management processes became more mainstream in organitation. As the twenty-first century has progressed, searches on “Knowledge Management” have revelated that scholarly works on knowledge sharing have increasingly been combined with research on social networking and social media.

An interesting obeservation is that there was a vey brief spurt of articles about KM in journals devoted to education, but that interest soon wanted. This is likely a function of the fact that KM, as mentioned previously has a very coporatist and organizational emphasis, while for most academic principals, the faculty, their commitment to their field, their descipline and sub-descipline, their “invisible college” comes first. their commitment to their nomilan home institution is quite



Knowledge Management (KM) Process in Organization that was writen by Claire R. McInerney and Michael E.D. Koenig

What is Knowledge Management

knowledge management is the process of capturing, distributing, and effectively using knowledge. (movement, Davenport, T. 1994). A discipline that promotes an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, evaluating, retrieving, and sharing all of enterprise’s assets. These assets may include databases, documents, policies, procedures, and previously uncaptured expertise and experience in individual workers. (Duhon, 1998).  The Third definition by McLnerney, C (2002) is that “Knowledge Management” is an effort to encrease useful knowledge within the organization.

the principles and practise of KM have develop in a very conducive enviroment, given that in this post-industrial information age, an increasingly larger proportion of the polulation consists of information workers.  A logical development then to attempt and apply those successful enviromental aspects to knowledge workers at large.

Work becomes more effective and efficient if the coorporate use the Information System and  Information Technology with good. the work is certainly not just IS / IT is a major focus, because the organization in a corporate environment also becomes an important aspect of the sustainability of the road business.

The book was explained about four stage to development a management knowledge. The Three Stages of KM

Stage 1 : “By the internet out of intellectual Capital”. certainly the use of the Internet can help facilitate access to data and information for companies to access information from internal and ekesternal companies, and provide uptodate the data and information.

Stage 2: “Human and cultural dimension, the HR, Human Relation stage”. is, if a company has employees who have manners, good behavior, obey the rules, etc. The company must be able to control every employee can work in accordance with whatthe want and achieve the targets the company set. (do communication with employees, a good culture of the organization in the company,etc.)

Stage 3: “Content and Retrievability”. must know what the content, structure in management company.

Stage 4: “Access to External Information”. emphases upon external information and the recognition of the important of context and external information, external information related to the company off course.


Knowledge Management (KM) Process in Organization that was writen by Claire R. McInerney and Michael E.D. Koenig

Solo is also championed as a UNESCO Creative City







Solo / Surakarta New7Wonders fighting in the arena as the Best City in Asia Pacific and Oceania, the city also turned out to be championed Indonesia to be oneversion of the UNESCO Creative Cities.

UNESCO Creative Cities is a network of creative cities are working together toward the mission of cultural diversity and sustainable development. Selected cities will be included in a network that consists of the activities UNESCO City of Literature, Film City, Music City, the City People’s Craft and Art, City Design, City of Media Arts, and City ofGastronomy. The town is already selected, for example, Bogota is a city of Sydney as acity of music or movies.

UNESCO Creative Cities Network aims at developing international cooperation between cities and encourage the development partnership. Selected cities to share experiencesand create new opportunities with other cities, especially for creative economic activityand tourism.

Solo was going to ‘play’ with the city of Bandung and Yogyakarta becauseKemenparekraf not determine which of the three cities that will be submitted to the UNESCO Creative Cities.

Until now, there are 31 cities in the world to be part of the UNESCO Creative Cities.

we should be proud of Indonesia.. 😀

resource [ ]

introduction human psychology

Talk about human psychology, a lot of which can be further described, but now I will little discuss how connection between the psychology of human relationships in supporting the success of a human being.

Usually someone would spend all his ability when in a desperate condition, it certainly can provide a significant impact in his life. Usually the people whose lives are comfortable, have good, in the strict sense they are difficult to develop his life, but instead when people dare to come out of their comfort zone, brave to thinking “out of the box”, dare to be creative, certainly more colorful in his life, and more meaningful.

The One of determining a person’s success is about someone’s character itself. We should be able to organize our thoughts, try to condition ourselves to be ready to face various obstacles in life, courage, encouragement, positive thinking, etc.. Actually things that make us fear, upset in undergoing a process or activity because our mindset is to think bad things that might happen, therefore we should keep thinking positive that everything will be able to go through. Because God has set “if there are difficulties there must be ease” both of these things will always side by side.

And to achieve the success required an ongoing process. Perform a continuous learning process, dare to try new things in a positive, expanding the network of friendship and a wide range of other positive things. God willing, we can achieve success, we can make a difference in this life for the better ..

Amin.. :)

intoduction knowledge management


Knowledge Management  is a collection of tools, techniques, and strategies to maintain, analyze, organize, enhance, and share understanding and experience. Understanding and experience of such a building on the knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in the actual application process and an organization. The focus of the Knowledge Management is to find new ways to channel raw data into useful forms of information, and finally into knowledge.

Knowledge Management Activities  is usually associated with organizational objectives such as to achieve a specific outcome such as shared knowledge, improved performance, competitive advantage, or higher levels of innovation. In general, the motivation of organizations to implement the MP include:
1. Making related to the development of knowledge products and services becomeavailable in the form of explicit
2. Achieve new product development cycle faster
3. Facilitating and managing organizational innovation and learning
4. Cog-leverage the expertise of people across the organization
5. Improve networking connectivity between internal and external personal
6. Managing the business environment and enables employees to gain understanding andideas relevant to their work-related
7. Managing intellectual capital and intellectual assets in the workplace

So, I think the conclusion is..

if any organization or company can manage with better Knowledge Management, the company is able to run the company with good business as well, according to what the goals and objectives of the company. work becomes more effective and efficient as it has knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of the company owned its own, so the company knows how to manage, better manage human resources, business environment, competitors, financial, and others.
so management is not only limited knowledge of scientific theory only, but in the form of art how to make an organization or company to be developed, successfully according tothe ideals of the company.

source of reference